What do you need to know about the novel coronavirus?

What do you need to know about the novel coronavirus? Answers on FAQ on COVID-19 – illness, triggered by the coronavirus

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Situation in Ukraine

reports of suspected coronavirus
5463
laboratory confirmed cases of the disease
1225
deaths of people infected with coronavirus
32
recovered from the coronavirus
25

Information as of April 4

What restrictions have been imposed to contain the coronavirus?

  • Public transport
    • From March 18 until April 24, it is forbidden to carry more than 10 passengers at a time in public transport.
  • Metro
    • There is a ban on transporting passengers by metro in Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnipro from March 17 until April 24.
  • Intercity transport
    • There is a ban on regular and irregular transportation by buses and railway service.
  • Supermarkets, grocery stores, pharmacies, petrol stations, banks
    • Domestic trade of food, petrol, hygienic items, and medications is allowed for people to buy and sell. Banking and insurance are permitted.
  • Cafes, restaurants, sport clubs
    • Starting March 17, food supply, trade and entertaining enterprises, fitness clubs, and cultural establishments temporarily stop working. Cafes and restaurants are only open for take-out and delivery service only.
  • Public gatherings
    • Starting March 17, there is a ban on any public gatherings with more than 10 participants. It is only allowed to hold events necessary to provide the activities of central and local government authorities.
  • Medical institutions
    • Medical institutions, hospitals and clinics will temporarily reschedule planned hospitalization and non-essential elective surgeries and procedures and will only deal with urgent and emergency cases. The Ministry of Health has ordered to prepare and reconverse hospitals and clinics to treat severely infected patients.
  • Educational institutions
    • From 12 March until April 24, schooling will be stopped at nursery schools, general secondary schools, out-of- school educational institutions, colleges, universities, institutions of undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate learning.

The disease caused by the novel coronavirus, cannot be called “lethal” as the lethality is 4-9%

How does the disease spread?

Now it is known that COVID-19 has airborne and contact transmission routes

Contact transmission route prevails

Virus usually gets on mucous membranes of nose, eyes through hands and other items (napkin, gloves) after touching the objects (animals, meat, fish, handles) contaminated by the discharge from the respiratory system of a person who is sick or infected.

The virus does not circulate in the air, but is transmitted from person to person

The virus cannot travel a long distance. It exists only in the droplets which a person exhales while coughing and sneezing. Distance guarantees protection. It is the factor breaking an epidemic chain. Thus, if you are at a distance of more than 1.5 meters it is impossible to get infected even from a person who is sick.

Can a person get infected from animals?

At the moment there is no official proof that pets, such as dogs and cats, can transmit the novel coronavirus. So, after you contact pets, it is recommended to wash your hands with soap. This will protect you from spreading the bacteria from pets.

Is the virus transmitted through fruit?

Фрукти – непридатне середовище для тривалого виживання вірусу. Немає жодних даних про передачу вірусу через фрукти. Нагадуємо, що фрукти необхідно ретельно мити, але це стандартна рекомендація.

How long does the virus survive on surfaces? What can kill the virus?

The virus can survive on surfaces from 3 hours to several days. The term depends on a set of conditions. For example, the type of surface, temperature and humidity of the environment. That is why it is necessary to disinfect surfaces, handles, equipment, etc.

Is it true that the virus is transmitted only to old people?

People of any age can be infected, so everyone should follow the virus protection measures. Elderly people and patients with chronic diseases are at increased risk.

At the initial stage of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus has the same symptoms as other acute respiratory viral infections.

This can be detected only by special tests.

Information regarding the diagnostic test system for COVID-19

  • What should you do if the doctors of the local hospital are not aware of testing for COVOD-19?
    • Diagnostic testing will only be carried out in cases that meet the epidemiological and clinical definition of the disease outlined in the WHO guidelines. The testing will be conducted by the Virology Reference Laboratory of the Public Health Center of Ukraine. It is impossible to buy a diagnostic test kit for independent use.
  • What kind of test system has Ukraine bought?
    • Ukraine has purchased German and Chinese test systems for detecting COVID-19. The reagents in the test systems make it possible to carry out laboratory diagnostics of the new coronavirus at the current level.
  • How long does the test for the novel coronavirus take?
    • It takes approximately 5-6 hours to get the result.
  • Does Ukraine have a test system for detecting a new coronavirus?
    • Ukraine has received a 521 test system to detect a new coronavirus. That's enough for 50,000 studies.
  • Is there a test system to detect the novel coronavirus in the regions?
    • The test systems purchased by Ukraine and the rapid COVID-19 detection tests were sent to all regions of the country.

      In particular, test systems have already been delivered or will be delivered to Zhytomyr, Ternopil, Dnipro, Vinnytsia, Kyiv, Rivne, Lviv, Chernivtsi in the next few days. The order for the purchase of test systems from other regions is in progress. All tests are WHO certified.

Who is at risk?

The development of the disease depends on the immune system of a person

Older adults

Older adults and people who have chronic diseases and are at higher risk of developing serious complications.

Medical staff

After recording cases of novel coronavirus related disease, medical staff have become one of the most vulnerable groups.

People who have been in direct physical contact with a person who is sick

People who have been in direct contact with a person who is sick or have been exposed to infectious discharge, for example, through handshaking.

People who have been in closed space together with a person who is sick

People who have been in closed space with a COVID-19 infected person at a distance of less than 2 meters or longer than 15 minutes.

How to get protected from virus infection?

  • Strengthen your immune system and watch out your physical condition
    • Good food, sound sleep, exercise and fluid balance will help you stay healthy.
  • Consult with your family doctor in time
    • Once you have noticed first symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection, consult with your family doctor.
  • Wash your hands with soap for 20 seconds
    • or use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% -80% alcohol
  • Avoid contacts with people who have acute respiratory viral infection related symptoms
    • or cold related symptoms.
  • Avoid touching your face
    • Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with dirty hands.
  • Eat thermally processed food
    • Do not eat raw meat, meat by-products and eggs.

Share the information how to prevent COVID-19 with your colleagues, household members and friends in social media.

  • Information for those who are abroad and wish to return to Ukraine

    If you are abroad and need help from the Ukrainian state, contact the embassy of Ukraine in the country where you are staying.

    Details

  • What you need to know about the virus to protect you and your family

    How to talk to your kids about the new coronavirus? 8 tips from UNICEF on how to calm and protect your children.

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Reliable sources of information

Authorized bodies regularly communicate with mass media. Truthful information about the novel coronavirus related illness is available on official sites.

Кабінет міністрів України Міністерство охорони здоров'я who Центр громадського здоров'я unicef foreign affairs